This type of climate is experienced in the high land areas like the Ethiopian highlands, East African Highlands and the Rwanda highlands and the Drakensberg Mountains of South Africa. There is a ring of climatic types depending on the altitude:
Activity: Draw a diagram to show the climatic zones around the mountain in the tropics and Describe the economic activities for each of the zone.
The high altitude lowers the daily temperatures to an average of less than 160. When winds blow over the highlands, they are forced to rise and cool leading to deposition of moisture within the air and to heavy relief rainfall on the wind ward side of the highlands.
The High Veld:
Location: The plateau region extending from the Pretoria district and Swaziland south eastwards through Orange Free State, western Natal and Lesotho, to the plateau edge in Cape Province.
Warm East Margin or humid Sub-tropical:
Location: This covers by the coastal areas of Eastern Cape Province, Natal and Mozambique, westwards to the interior plateau.